Library prosa.model.preemption.parameter

Require Export prosa.util.all.
Require Export prosa.behavior.all.
Require Export prosa.model.priority.classes.

Job-Level Preemption Model

There are many equivalent ways to represent at which points in time a job is preemptable, i.e., where it can be forced to relinquish the processor on which it is executing. In Prosa, the various preemption models are represented with a single predicate job_preemptable that indicates, for given a job and a given degree of progress, whether the job is preemptable at its current point of execution.

Maximum and Last Non-preemptive Segment of a Job

In the following section we define the notions of the maximal and the last non-preemptive segments.
Consider any type of jobs with arrival times and execution costs...
  Context {Job : JobType}.
  Context `{JobArrival Job}.
  Context `{JobCost Job}.

... and consider any given preemption model.
  Context `{JobPreemptable Job}.

It is useful to define a representation of the preemption points of a job as an actual sequence of points where this job can be preempted. To this end, we define job_preemption_points j as the sequence of all progress values at which job j is preemptable, according to job_preemptable.
  Definition job_preemption_points (j : Job) : seq work :=
    [seq ρ : work <- range 0 (job_cost j) | job_preemptable j ρ].

We observe that the conversion indeed is an equivalent way of representing the set of preemption points.
  Remark conversion_preserves_equivalence :
     (j : Job) (ρ : work),
      ρ job_cost j
      job_preemptable j ρ ρ \in job_preemption_points j.

We further define a function that, for a given job, yields the sequence of lengths of its nonpreemptive segments.
Next, we define a function that determines the length of a job's longest nonpreemptive segment (or zero if the job is fully preemptive).
Similarly, we define a function that yields the length of a job's last nonpreemptive segment (or zero if the job is fully preemptive).

Run-to-Completion Threshold of a Job

Finally, we define the notion of a job's run-to-completion threshold (RTCT): the run-to-completion threshold is the amount of service after which a job cannot be preempted until its completion.

Model Validity

In the following, we define properties that any reasonable job preemption model must satisfy.
Section PreemptionModel.

Consider any type of jobs with arrival times and execution costs...
  Context {Job : JobType}.
  Context `{JobArrival Job}.
  Context `{JobCost Job}.

... and any preemption model.
  Context `{JobPreemptable Job}.

Consider any JLDP policy.
  Context `{JLDP_policy Job}.

Consider any kind of processor model, ...
  Context {PState : ProcessorState Job}.

... any job arrival sequence, ...
  Variable arr_seq : arrival_sequence Job.

... and any given schedule.
  Variable sched : schedule PState.

We say that a job is preempted_at t if the job is scheduled at t-1 and not scheduled at t, but not completed by t.
  Definition preempted_at (j : Job) (t : instant) :=
    scheduled_at sched j t.-1
    && ~~ completed_by sched j t
    && ~~ scheduled_at sched j t.

In the following, we define the notion of a valid preemption model. To begin with, we require that a job has to be executed at least one time instant in order to reach a nonpreemptive segment. In other words, a job must start execution to become non-preemptive.
And vice versa, a job cannot remain non-preemptive after its completion.
Next, if a job j is not preemptable at some time instant t, then j must be scheduled at time t.
  Definition not_preemptive_implies_scheduled (j : Job) :=
      ~~ job_preemptable j (service sched j t)
      scheduled_at sched j t.

A job can start its execution only from a preemption point.
  Definition execution_starts_with_preemption_point (j : Job) :=
      ~~ scheduled_at sched j prt
      scheduled_at sched j prt.+1
      job_preemptable j (service sched j prt.+1).

We say that a preemption model is a valid preemption model if all assumptions given above are satisfied for any job.
We say that there are no superfluous preemptions if a job can only be preempted by another job having strictly higher priority.
  Definition no_superfluous_preemptions :=
     t j j_hp,
      preempted_at j t
      scheduled_at sched j_hp t
      ~~ hep_job_at t j j_hp.

End PreemptionModel.