# Library prosa.results.edf.optimality

Require Import prosa.model.readiness.basic.

Require Import prosa.model.preemption.fully_preemptive.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.transform.edf_opt.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.transform.edf_wc.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.edf_definitions.

Require prosa.model.priority.edf.

Require Import prosa.model.preemption.fully_preemptive.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.transform.edf_opt.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.transform.edf_wc.

Require Export prosa.analysis.facts.edf_definitions.

Require prosa.model.priority.edf.

# Optimality of EDF on Ideal Uniprocessors

## Optimality Theorem

Consider any given type of jobs, each characterized by execution
costs, an arrival time, and an absolute deadline,...

... and any valid arrival sequence of such jobs.

We assume the classic (i.e., Liu & Layland) model of readiness
without jitter or self-suspensions, wherein pending jobs are
always ready.

#[local] Existing Instance basic_ready_instance.

We assume that jobs are fully preemptive.

#[local] Existing Instance fully_preemptive_job_model.

Under these assumptions, EDF is optimal in the sense that, if there
exists any schedule in which all jobs of arr_seq meet their deadline,
then there also exists an EDF schedule in which all deadlines are met.

Theorem EDF_optimality:

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ edf_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule edf_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq edf_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_sched.

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ edf_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule edf_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq edf_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_sched.

Moreover, we note that, since EDF maintains work conservation, if there
exists a schedule in which all jobs of arr_seq meet their deadline,
then there also exists a work-conserving EDF in which all deadlines are
met.

Theorem EDF_WC_optimality :

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ edf_wc_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule edf_wc_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq edf_wc_sched ∧

work_conserving arr_seq edf_wc_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_wc_sched.

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ edf_wc_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule edf_wc_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq edf_wc_sched ∧

work_conserving arr_seq edf_wc_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_wc_sched.

Remark: EDF_optimality is of course an immediate corollary of
EDF_WC_optimality. We nonetheless have two separate proofs for historic
reasons as EDF_optimality predates EDF_WC_optimality (in Prosa).
Finally, we state the optimality theorem also in terms of a
policy-compliant schedule, which a more generic notion used in Prosa for
scheduling policies (rather than the simpler, but ad-hoc
EDF_schedule predicate used above).
Given that we're considering the EDF priority policy and a fully
preemptive job model, satisfying the EDF_schedule predicate is
equivalent to satisfying the respects_policy_at_preemption_point
w.r.t. to the EDF policy predicate. The optimality of priority-compliant
schedules that are work-conserving follows hence directly from the above
EDF_WC_optimality theorem.

Corollary EDF_priority_compliant_WC_optimality:

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ priority_compliant_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule priority_compliant_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq priority_compliant_sched ∧

work_conserving arr_seq priority_compliant_sched ∧

respects_JLFP_policy_at_preemption_point arr_seq priority_compliant_sched (EDF Job).

End Optimality.

(∃ any_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule any_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq any_sched) →

∃ priority_compliant_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

valid_schedule priority_compliant_sched arr_seq ∧

all_deadlines_of_arrivals_met arr_seq priority_compliant_sched ∧

work_conserving arr_seq priority_compliant_sched ∧

respects_JLFP_policy_at_preemption_point arr_seq priority_compliant_sched (EDF Job).

End Optimality.

## Weak Optimality Theorem

For any given type of jobs, each characterized by execution
costs, an arrival time, and an absolute deadline,...

... if we have a well-behaved reference schedule ...

Variable any_sched: schedule (ideal.processor_state Job).

Hypothesis H_must_arrive: jobs_must_arrive_to_execute any_sched.

Hypothesis H_completed_dont_execute: completed_jobs_dont_execute any_sched.

Hypothesis H_must_arrive: jobs_must_arrive_to_execute any_sched.

Hypothesis H_completed_dont_execute: completed_jobs_dont_execute any_sched.

... in which no deadlines are missed, ...

...then there also exists an EDF schedule in which no deadlines
are missed (and in which exactly the same set of jobs is
scheduled, as ensured by the last clause).

Theorem weak_EDF_optimality:

∃ edf_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

jobs_must_arrive_to_execute edf_sched ∧

completed_jobs_dont_execute edf_sched ∧

all_deadlines_met edf_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_sched ∧

∀ j,

(∃ t, scheduled_at any_sched j t) ↔

(∃ t', scheduled_at edf_sched j t').

End WeakOptimality.

∃ edf_sched : schedule (ideal.processor_state Job),

jobs_must_arrive_to_execute edf_sched ∧

completed_jobs_dont_execute edf_sched ∧

all_deadlines_met edf_sched ∧

EDF_schedule edf_sched ∧

∀ j,

(∃ t, scheduled_at any_sched j t) ↔

(∃ t', scheduled_at edf_sched j t').

End WeakOptimality.