Require Import rt.util.all.
Require Import rt.model.arrival.basic.task rt.model.priority
Require Import
From mathcomp Require Import ssreflect ssrbool eqtype ssrnat seq fintype bigop.


Module Interference.

  Import ScheduleOfSporadicTaskWithJitter Priority Workload.

  (* We import some of the basic definitions, but we need to re-define almost everything
     since the definition of backlogged (and thus the definition of interference)
     changes with jitter. *)

  Export Interference.

  Section InterferenceDefs.

    Context {sporadic_task: eqType}.
    Context {Job: eqType}.
    Variable job_arrival: Job time.
    Variable job_cost: Job time.
    Variable job_task: Job sporadic_task.
    Variable job_jitter: Job time.

    (* Consider any job arrival sequence...*)
    Variable arr_seq: arrival_sequence Job.

    (* ... and any schedule of those jobs. *)
    Context {num_cpus: nat}.
    Variable sched: schedule Job num_cpus.

    (* Consider any job j that incurs interference. *)
    Variable j: Job.

    (* Recall the definition of backlogged (pending and not scheduled). *)
    Let job_is_backlogged := backlogged job_arrival job_cost job_jitter sched j.

    (* First, we define total interference. *)
    Section TotalInterference.

      (* The total interference incurred by job j during [t1, t2) is the
         cumulative time in which j is backlogged in this interval. *)

      Definition total_interference (t1 t2: time) :=
        \sum_(t1 t < t2) job_is_backlogged t.

    End TotalInterference.

    (* Next, we define job interference. *)
    Section JobInterference.

      (* Let job_other be a job that interferes with j. *)
      Variable job_other: Job.

      (* The interference caused by job_other during [t1, t2) is the cumulative
         time in which j is backlogged while job_other is scheduled. *)

      Definition job_interference (t1 t2: time) :=
        \sum_(t1 t < t2)
          \sum_(cpu < num_cpus)
            (job_is_backlogged t &&
            scheduled_on sched job_other cpu t).

    End JobInterference.

    (* Next, we define task interference. *)
    Section TaskInterference.

      (* In order to define task interference, consider any interfering task tsk_other. *)
      Variable tsk_other: sporadic_task.

      (* The interference caused by tsk during [t1, t2) is the cumulative time
         in which j is backlogged while tsk is scheduled. *)

      Definition task_interference (t1 t2: time) :=
        \sum_(t1 t < t2)
          \sum_(cpu < num_cpus)
            (job_is_backlogged t &&
            task_scheduled_on job_task sched tsk_other cpu t).

    End TaskInterference.

    (* Next, we define an approximation of the total interference based on
       each per-task interference. *)

    Section TaskInterferenceJobList.

      Variable tsk_other: sporadic_task.

      Definition task_interference_joblist (t1 t2: time) :=
        \sum_(j <- jobs_scheduled_between sched t1 t2 | job_task j == tsk_other)
         job_interference j t1 t2.

    End TaskInterferenceJobList.

    (* Now we prove some basic lemmas about interference. *)
    Section BasicLemmas.

      (* First, we show that total interference cannot be larger than the interval length. *)
      Lemma total_interference_le_delta :
         t1 t2,
          total_interference t1 t2 t2 - t1.
        unfold total_interference; intros t1 t2.
        apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(t1 t < t2) 1);
          first by apply leq_sum; ins; apply leq_b1.
        by rewrite big_const_nat iter_addn mul1n addn0 leqnn.

      (* Next, we prove that job interference is bounded by the service of the interfering job. *)
      Lemma job_interference_le_service :
         j_other t1 t2,
          job_interference j_other t1 t2 service_during sched j_other t1 t2.
        intros j_other t1 t2; unfold job_interference, service_during.
        apply leq_sum; intros t _.
        unfold service_at; rewrite [\sum_(_ < _ | scheduled_on _ _ _ _)_]big_mkcond.
        apply leq_sum; intros cpu _.
        destruct (job_is_backlogged t); [rewrite andTb | by rewrite andFb].
        by destruct (scheduled_on sched j_other cpu t).

      (* We also prove that task interference is bounded by the workload of the interfering task. *)
      Lemma task_interference_le_workload :
         tsk t1 t2,
          task_interference tsk t1 t2 workload job_task sched tsk t1 t2.
        unfold task_interference, workload; intros tsk t1 t2.
        apply leq_sum; intros t _.
        apply leq_sum; intros cpu _.
        destruct (job_is_backlogged t); [rewrite andTb | by rewrite andFb].
        unfold task_scheduled_on, service_of_task.
        by destruct (sched cpu t).

    End BasicLemmas.

    (* Now we prove some bounds on interference for sequential jobs. *)
    Section InterferenceSequentialJobs.

      (* If jobs are sequential, ... *)
      Hypothesis H_sequential_jobs: sequential_jobs sched.

      (* ... then the interference incurred by a job in an interval
         of length delta is at most delta. *)

      Lemma job_interference_le_delta :
         j_other t1 delta,
          job_interference j_other t1 (t1 + delta) delta.
        rename H_sequential_jobs into SEQ.
        unfold job_interference, sequential_jobs in ×.
        intros j_other t1 delta.
        apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(t1 t < t1 + delta) 1);
          last by rewrite big_const_nat iter_addn mul1n addn0 addKn leqnn.
        apply leq_sum; intros t _.
        destruct ([ cpu, scheduled_on sched j_other cpu t]) eqn:EX.
          move: EX ⇒ /existsP [cpu SCHED].
          rewrite (bigD1 cpu) // /=.
          rewrite big_mkcond (eq_bigr (fun x ⇒ 0)) /=;
            first by simpl_sum_const; rewrite leq_b1.
          intros cpu' _; des_if_goal; last by done.
          destruct (scheduled_on sched j_other cpu' t) eqn:SCHED'; last by rewrite andbF.
          move: SCHED SCHED' ⇒ /eqP SCHED /eqP SCHED'.
          by specialize (SEQ j_other t cpu cpu' SCHED SCHED'); rewrite SEQ in Heq.
          apply negbT in EX; rewrite negb_exists in EX.
          move: EX ⇒ /forallP EX.
          rewrite (eq_bigr (fun x ⇒ 0)); first by simpl_sum_const.
          by intros cpu _; specialize (EX cpu); apply negbTE in EX; rewrite EX andbF.

    End InterferenceSequentialJobs.

    (* Next, we show that the cumulative per-task interference bounds the total
       interference. *)

    Section BoundUsingPerJobInterference.

      Lemma interference_le_interference_joblist :
         tsk t1 t2,
          task_interference tsk t1 t2 task_interference_joblist tsk t1 t2.
        intros tsk t1 t2.
        unfold task_interference, task_interference_joblist, job_interference, job_is_backlogged.
        rewrite [\sum_(_ <- _ sched _ _ | _) _]exchange_big /=.
        rewrite big_nat_cond [\sum_(_ _ < _ | true) _]big_nat_cond.
        apply leq_sum; movet /andP [LEt _].
        rewrite exchange_big /=.
        apply leq_sum; intros cpu _.
        destruct (backlogged job_arrival job_cost job_jitter sched j t) eqn:BACK;
          last by rewrite andFb (eq_bigr (fun x ⇒ 0));
            first by rewrite big_const_seq iter_addn mul0n addn0.
        rewrite andTb.
        destruct (task_scheduled_on job_task sched tsk cpu t) eqn:SCHED; last by done.
        unfold scheduled_on, task_scheduled_on in ×.
        destruct (sched cpu t) as [j' |] eqn:SOME; last by done.
        rewrite big_mkcond /= (bigD1_seq j') /=; last by apply undup_uniq.
          by rewrite SCHED eq_refl.
          unfold jobs_scheduled_between.
          rewrite mem_undup; apply mem_bigcat_nat with (j := t);
            first by done.
          apply mem_bigcat_ord with (j := cpu); first by apply ltn_ord.
          by unfold make_sequence; rewrite SOME mem_seq1 eq_refl.

    End BoundUsingPerJobInterference.

  End InterferenceDefs.

End Interference.